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Alexandre Calame (28 May 1810 – 19 March 1864) was a Swiss painter. In 1829 he met his patron, the banker Diodati, who made it possible for him to study under landscape painter François Diday. After a few months he decided to devote himself fully to art. In 1835 he began exhibiting his Swiss-Alps and forest paintings in Paris and Berlin. He went to Italy in 1844 and brought back from Rome and Naples countless paintings, among them one of the ruins of Paestum. He showed that he was capable of understanding Italian nature; but the Alps remained his speciality. The glaciers, emerald-green, white foaming mountain water, which split the trees during the storm, and the whipped clouds, the multi-colored rocks, half masked from fog, in the rays of the gleaming sun, are those things, which he knew to be true to nature. One of his most ingenious works is the representation of the four seasons and times of the day in four landscapes, a spring morning in the south, a summer midday in the Nordic flatlands, an Autumn evening, and a winter night on a mountain. He became popular with these large works, and his popularity grew with smaller pieces and lithographs. These were widespread in France, England, and Germany and are still today used to teach this style of painting.